歡迎來訪濟南共潤科技有限公司官網!

濟南共潤科技有限公司

咨詢服務熱線
0531-88270327 13153168609
當前位置: 首頁 - 新聞中心 >
新聞中心

直線導軌絲杠的性能特點

來源:http://www.phkcgc.live/ 日期:2019-04-23 發布人:admin

  直線導軌絲杠的性能特點及應用

  Performance characteristics and application of linear guide screw
  隨著現代制造技術的不斷發展,使得傳統的制造業發生了巨大的變化,數控技術、機電一體化和工業機器人在生產中得到了更加廣泛的應用。同時機械傳動機構的定位精度、導向精度和進給速度在不斷提高,使傳統的導向機構發生了重大變化。自 1973年開始商品化以來,滾動直線導軌副以其獨有的特性,逐漸取代了傳統的滑動直線導軌,在工業生產中得到了廣泛的應用。適應了現今機械對于高精度、高速度、節約能源以及縮短產品開發周期的要求,已被廣泛應用在各種重型組合加工機床、數控機床、高精度電火花切割機、磨床、工業用機器人乃至一般產業用的機械中。
  With the continuous development of modern manufacturing technology, great changes have taken place in the traditional manufacturing industry. CNC technology, mechatronics and industrial robots have been more widely used in production. At the same time, the positioning accuracy, guiding accuracy and feeding speed of mechanical transmission mechanism are constantly improving, which makes the traditional guiding mechanism have undergone significant changes. Since its commercialization in 1973, the rolling linear guideway pair has gradually replaced the traditional sliding linear guideway with its unique characteristics, and has been widely used in industrial production. It adapts to the requirements of high precision, high speed, energy saving and shortening product development cycle of modern machinery, and has been widely used in various heavy-duty modular machine tools, CNC machine tools, high-precision EDM, grinders, industrial robots and even general industrial machinery.
  滾動直線導軌的性能特點
  Performance Characteristics of Rolling Linear Guideway
  1.定位精度高
  1. High positioning accuracy
  滾動直線導軌的運動借助鋼球滾動實現,導軌副摩擦阻力小,動靜摩擦阻力差值小,低速時不易產生爬行。重復定位精度高,適合作頻繁啟動或換向的運動部件。可將機床定位精度設定到超微米級。同時根據需要,適當增加預載荷,確保鋼球不發生滑動,實現平穩運動,減小了運動的沖擊和振動。
  The motion of rolling linear guideway is realized by rolling steel ball. The friction resistance of guideway pair is small, the difference between dynamic and static friction resistance is small, and it is not easy to crawl at low speed. Repeated positioning accuracy is high, suitable for frequent start or commutation of moving parts. The positioning accuracy of machine tools can be set to ultra-micro meter level. At the same time, according to the need, the preload should be properly increased to ensure that the steel ball does not slip, to achieve smooth movement, and to reduce the impact and vibration of the movement.
  2.磨損小
  2. wear little.
  對于滑動導軌面的流體潤滑,由于油膜的浮動,產生的運動精度誤差是無法避免的。在絕大多數情況下,流體潤滑只限于邊界區域,由金屬接觸而產生的直接摩擦是無法避免的,在這種摩擦中,大量的能量以摩擦損耗被浪費掉了。與之相反,滾動接觸由于摩擦耗能小,滾動面的摩擦損耗也相應減少,故能使滾動直線導軌系統長期處于高精度狀態。同時,由于使用潤滑油也很少,這使得在機床的潤滑系統設計及使用維護方面都變的非常容易。
  For the fluid lubrication of sliding guide surface, the motion accuracy error is unavoidable due to the floating oil film. In most cases, fluid lubrication is confined to the boundary area, and direct friction caused by metal contact is unavoidable. In this friction, a large amount of energy is wasted by friction loss. On the contrary, the rolling contact can make the rolling linear guideway system in high precision for a long time because of the small friction energy consumption and the corresponding reduction of the friction loss of the rolling surface. At the same time, due to the use of lubricating oil is also very few, which makes the lubrication system design and use and maintenance of machine tools become very easy.
  3.適應高速運動且大幅降低驅動功率
  3. Adapt to high-speed motion and greatly reduce driving power
  采用滾動直線導軌的機床由于摩擦阻力小,可使所需的動力源及動力傳遞機構小型化,使驅動扭矩大大減少,使機床所需電力降低80%,節能效果明顯。可實現機床的高速運動,提高機床的工作效率20~30%。
  Because of the small friction resistance, the machine tool with rolling linear guide can miniaturize the power source and power transmission mechanism needed, greatly reduce the driving torque, reduce the power required by the machine tool by 80%, and achieve obvious energy-saving effect. It can realize the high-speed movement of the machine tool and improve the working efficiency of the machine tool by 20-30%.
  4.承載能力強
  4. Strong bearing capacity
  滾動直線導軌副具有較好的承載性能,可以承受不同方向的力和力矩載荷,如承受上下左右方向的力,以及顛簸力矩、搖動力矩和擺動力矩。因此,具有很好的載荷適應性。在設計制造中加以適當的預加載荷可以增加阻尼,以提高抗振性,同時可以消除高頻振動現象。而滑動導軌在平行接觸面方向可承受的側向負荷較小,易造成機床運行精度不良。
  The rolling linear guide pair has good load-bearing performance, and can withstand forces and moment loads in different directions, such as ups and downs, left and right directions, as well as bumping, rolling and swing moments. Therefore, it has good load adaptability. Appropriate preloading in design and manufacture can increase damping, improve vibration resistance and eliminate high frequency vibration. The sliding guide bears less lateral load in the direction of parallel contact surface, which easily results in poor accuracy of machine tool operation.
  5.組裝容易并具互換性
  5. Easy assembly and interchangeability
  傳統的滑動導軌必須對導軌面進行刮研,既費事又費時,且一旦機床精度不良,必須再刮研一次。滾動導軌具有互換性,只要更換滑塊或導軌或整個滾動導軌副,機床即可重新獲得高精度。
  The traditional sliding guide must scrape and grind the surface of the guide, which is time-consuming and time-consuming, and once the accuracy of the machine tool is poor, it must be scraped and grinded again. Rolling guides are interchangeable. As long as the slider or guide rail or the whole rolling guideway pair is replaced, the machine tool can get high precision again.
  如前所述,由于滾珠在導軌與滑塊之間的相對運動為滾動,可減少摩擦損失。通常滾動摩擦系數為滑動摩擦系數的2%左右,因此采用滾動導軌的傳動機構遠優越于傳統滑動導軌。
                               直線導軌
  As mentioned earlier, the friction loss can be reduced because the relative motion of the ball between the guide rail and the slider is rolling. Generally, the rolling friction coefficient is about 2% of the sliding friction coefficient, so the driving mechanism using rolling guides is far superior to the traditional sliding guides.
  滾動直線導軌副的選用方法
  Selection Method of Rolling Linear Guide Pair
  滾動直線導軌副具有承載能力大、接觸剛性高、可靠性高等特點,主要在機床的床身、工作臺導軌和立柱上、下升降導軌上使用。我們在選用時可以根據負荷大小,受載荷方向、沖擊和振動大小等情況來選擇。
  The rolling linear guide pair has the characteristics of large bearing capacity, high contact rigidity and high reliability. It is mainly used on machine tool bed, worktable guide rail, upright and downward guide rail on column. We can choose according to the load size, load direction, impact and vibration magnitude.
  1.受力方向
  1. Force direction
  由于滾動直線導軌副的滑塊與導軌上通常有4列圓弧滾道,因此能承受4個方向的負荷和翻轉力矩。導軌承受能力隨滾道中心距增大而加大。
  Because there are usually four rows of arc raceways on the slider and guide rail of rolling linear guide pair, it can withstand load and overturning moment in four directions. The bearing capacity of the guide rails increases with the increase of the center distance of the raceway.
  2.負荷大小
  2. Load size
  滾動直線導軌不同規格有著不同的承載能力,可根據承受負荷大小選擇。為使每副滾動直線導軌均有比較理想的使用壽命,可根據所選廠家提供的近似公式計算額定壽命和額定小時壽命,以便給定合理的維修和更換周期。還要考慮滑塊承受載荷后,每個滑塊滾動阻力的影響,進行滾動阻力的計算,以便確定合理的驅動力。
  Different specifications of rolling linear guide have different bearing capacity, which can be selected according to the size of bearing load. In order to make each pair of rolling linear guides have ideal service life, the rated service life and the rated hourly service life can be calculated according to the approximate formula provided by the selected manufacturer, so as to give a reasonable maintenance and replacement cycle. Considering the influence of rolling resistance of each slider after bearing load, the rolling resistance is calculated to determine the reasonable driving force.
  3.預加負載的選擇
  3. Selection of preload
  根據設計結構的沖擊、振動情況以及精度要求,選擇合適的預壓值。
  According to the impact, vibration and accuracy requirements of the designed structure, the appropriate preloading value is selected.

濟南共潤科技有限責任公司

篮球比分网即时比分直播