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直線導軌常見問題排查

來源:http://www.phkcgc.live/ 日期:2019-06-11 發布人:admin

  直線導軌常見問題排查

  Investigation of Common Problems of Linear Guideway
  直線導軌的精度也不盡相同,如機床行業,因其加工的工件請求精度較高,故而普通會選用H級以上的精細級直線導軌,而自動化行業普通只是需求起到傳動作用,精度的請求不高,普通常用以N級(普通級)居多。直線導軌選型首先要看工作臺的重量以及工作臺的大小,以便計算出要用導軌的大致型號及導軌長度,有了大致的型號和長度,下一步就要確認滑塊的裝置尺寸,常用的滑塊有法蘭型和方型,而這兩種方式又分普通的與加長的,假設承載較大,倡議選用加長的滑塊。
  The accuracy of linear guides is also different. For example, in machine tool industry, because of the higher precision of workpiece request, fine linear guides above class H are usually chosen, while in automation industry, the demand of accuracy is not high, and N level is commonly used. The selection of linear guideway depends on the weight of the worktable and the size of the worktable first, so as to calculate the approximate type and length of the guideway to be used. With the approximate type and length, the next step is to confirm the device size of the slider. The commonly used sliders are flanged and square. These two methods are divided into ordinary and lengthened ones. Assuming that the load is large, it is advisable to choose the lengthened slider. 。
  直線導軌假如生銹怎樣處理又如何防銹
  How to deal with and prevent the rust of linear guideway if it is rusty
  直線導軌、直線軸作為設備的中心部件之一,它的功用是起導向和支承作用。為了保證機器有較高的加工精度,請求其導軌、直線具有較高的導向精度和良好的運動平穩性。
  As one of the central parts of the equipment, the linear guideway and the linear axis play a guiding and supporting role. In order to ensure that the machine has a higher processing accuracy, it is requested that the guide rail and straight line have a higher guiding accuracy and good motion smoothness.
  設備在運轉過程中,由于被加工件在加工中會產生大量的腐蝕性粉塵和煙霧,基這些煙霧和粉塵長期大量堆積于導軌、直線軸外表,對設備的加工精度有很大影響,
  During the operation of the equipment, due to the large amount of corrosive dust and smoke produced by the processed parts in the processing, the smoke and dust accumulated on the surface of the guide rail and straight axis for a long time, which has a great impact on the processing accuracy of the equipment.
  并且會在導軌直線軸外表構成蝕點,縮短設備運用壽命。為了讓機器正常穩定工作,確保產品的加工質量,要認真做好導軌、直線軸的日常維護。
  And it will form corrosion spots on the outer surface of the straight axis of the guide rail, thus shortening the service life of the equipment. In order to make the machine work normally and steadily, and to ensure the quality of the products, it is necessary to do a good job in daily maintenance of the guide rail and straight axis.
  清潔導軌請準備——干棉布、光滑油。例如:雕琢機的導軌分為直線導軌、滾輪導軌。直線導軌的清潔:首先把激光頭挪動到最右側(或左側),找到直線導軌,
  Clean the guide way, please prepare - dry cotton cloth, smooth oil. For example, the guide rail of the carving machine is divided into linear guide rail and roller guide rail. Cleaning of linear guideway: First, move the laser head to the right (or left) side to find the linear guideway.
                           導軌絲杠
  用干棉布擦拭直到光亮無塵,再加上少許光滑油(可采用縫紉機油,切勿運用機油),將激光頭左右漸漸推進幾次,讓光滑油平均散布即可。
  Wipe the laser head with dry cotton cloth until it is bright and dustless, and add a little smooth oil (sewing oil can be used, do not use oil). Push the laser head around several times, so that the smooth oil can be spread evenly.
  直線導軌的清潔:把橫梁挪動到內側,翻開機器兩側端蓋,找到導軌,用干棉布把兩側導軌與滾輪接觸的中央擦拭潔凈,再挪動橫梁,把剩余中央清潔潔凈。
  Cleaning of linear guideway: Move the crossbeam to the inside, open the end caps on both sides of the machine, find the guideway, wipe the center of the contact between the two side guideways and the roller with dry cotton cloth, then move the crossbeam, and clean the remaining center.
  那該如何防銹呢,
  How to prevent rust?
  直線導軌之所以會呈現生銹的現象,主要還是由于我們對其的理解不夠,正常直線導軌在出廠之前,都需求對其外表停止防銹油的擦拭,
  The main reason for the rusting of linear guides is that we don't understand them well enough. Normal linear guides need to stop wiping the rust-proof oil before they leave the factory.
  但是,在運用一段時間之后,其還是會呈現比擬嚴重的生銹現象。
  However, after a period of time, it will show a serious rusting phenomenon.
  我們在完畢直線導軌的運用后,還需求再次的在其外表涂抹防銹油,這點關于防銹來說是十分重要的,固然在出廠的時分應涂抹過,在運用的過程中,
  After we have finished the application of linear guideway, we need to apply anti-rust oil on its surface again. This is very important for anti-rust. Of course, it should be smeared when it is out of the factory. In the process of operation,
  肯定會由于時間的推移而呈現蒸發,呈現生銹是必然的。
  It will evaporate as time goes by, and rust is inevitable.
  在對直線導軌涂抹防銹油之后,應該將其放置在常溫的倉庫中,并不能夠和腐蝕性的物體混和放置,也不可以將暫時不運用的直線導軌,
  After applying rust-proof oil to the linear guideway, it should be placed in the warehouse at room temperature. It can not be mixed with corrosive objects, nor can it be temporarily unused linear guideway.
  直接的寄存在倉庫的空中上,由于空中會加快防銹油的蒸發,所以這點需求大家在運用的時分多加留意。
  Direct storage in the air warehouse, as the air will speed up the evaporation of rust-proof oil, so we need to pay more attention to this point in the use of time.
  如何提早發現直線導軌在運用中的問題
  How to discover the problems of linear guideway in operation in advance
  直線導軌可以按照給定的方向來做往復直線運動,假如按照其抵觸性質而定,那么可以分為滑動抵觸導軌、滾動抵觸導軌、彈性抵觸導軌等等。
  Linear guideways can move in a given direction in a reciprocating straight line. If they are determined by the nature of their collision, they can be divided into sliding collision guideways, rolling collision guideways, elastic collision guideways and so on.
  通常在運轉中會呈現不良的云狀狀況。
  Usually there are bad clouds in operation.
  特別是一些國產的導軌間隙比擬大,導軌就會向側邊擺動,這樣滑塊之間就會構成不良的噪音,因此,技術人員必需要對直線導軌軸承的“缺點信號”
  Especially when the gap of some domestic guideways is comparatively large, the guideways will swing to the side, so that bad noise will be formed between the sliders. Therefore, technicians must have the "defective signal" of linear guideway bearings.
  堅持高度警覺,最好可以應用聽覺辨識得出來。
  Stick to a high level of alertness, it is best to use auditory recognition.
  跟著直線導軌市場的需求量不時添加,國內呈現了眾多的高級產品,其需求量也在不時上升,在運轉過程中需求防止直線導軌發作缺點,但是,
  With the increasing demand of the linear guide market, many high-grade products have appeared in China, and their demand is rising from time to time. In the process of operation, the demand prevents the shortcomings of the linear guide.
  需求定時對直線導軌停止防止銹蝕的作業,并涂以優質礦物油后再停止操作
  Stop rust-proof operation on straight-line guide at regular intervals and apply high-quality mineral oil before stopping operation.
  直線導軌如何防塵
  How to Prevent Dust on Linear Guideway
  一,專用伸縮防塵罩
  1. Special telescopic dust cover
  在運用環境惡劣的場所,有些型號備有專用軟式伸縮防塵罩和專用防塵蓋。細致內容和密封墊片標志的有關闡明,請參照各種產品的相應任選配件(防塵)項目。
  In places with harsh operation environment, some models are equipped with special flexible dust-proof cover and special dust-proof cover. Please refer to the relevant optional parts (dust-proof) items of various products for detailed content and explanation of seal gasket marks.
  另外,當需求在易于遭受切削屑和切削液噴濺影響的環境中運用時,倡議運用軟式圓形伸縮罩來維護整個系統,或運用大型伸縮防塵罩
  In addition, when the demand is applied in an environment prone to cutting chip and cutting fluid splashing, it is advisable to use soft circular telescopic cover to maintain the whole system, or to use large telescopic dust cover.
  二,直線運動系統的專用密封墊片
  2. Special Sealing Gasket for Linear Motion System
  為進步防塵才能,在各直線導軌系統中備有高耐磨損性的特殊合成橡膠制造的密封墊片,以及(層疊式接觸刮板等)和清潔環等配件。
  In order to improve dust-proof ability, special synthetic rubber gaskets with high wear resistance, as well as (cascade contact scrapers, etc.) and cleaning rings are equipped in the linear guide system.

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